Pistachio is a tree nut. It belongs to the Anacardiaceae family, of the genus: Pistacia. It is a medium-sized plant. The Pista fruit, in fact, is a drupe (fruit with a large, central located single seed). The seed kernel that’s eaten is known as “pistachio.”
The plant’s broad, bushy, deciduous tree is believed to have originated in the mountain ranges of West-Asia and Turkey region (Anatolia).
The mature fruit features hard, an off-white color shell. Opened at its seams, it exposes a light green, oblong shape kernel inside. A pistachio kernel measures about 2 cm in length and 1 cm width and weighs about 0.7-1 gm
Every season, the tree bears heavy clusters of fruits which appear somewhat like that of a grape bunch. During December through February, the plants are dormant.
Then as the warmer weather appears in late March, the plants start to bloom. As the April wind arrives, the male would then pollinate the female. Following this, in the Mid of May, the shell of the nut will be fully formed. Towards the end of June, the seed inside the shell already starts to expand rapidly allowing the seed to fill the shell by early August. Finally, early September, the nuts which are splitting at the seams are ready to be harvested.
|JUNE - AUG||Seed Expansion|
The process of harvesting pistachios includes
- Picking the fruits from the trees
- Separating the outer hull from the hard shell and washing by machines
- Dry it in the sun
- Separate cracked nuts from closed nuts
- Sorting the nuts
- Packing the nuts
The Pistachio undergoes a healthy processing condition, which involves:
All these are done in a way that the nuts that are picked today are processed the same day. This makes them safer and healthier to consume as the risk of aflatoxin contamination is highly reduced. This was verified by the EU representatives. To add on, our selected pistachios are grown without hormonal materials or genetic manipulation applied to them.
There are several varieties that are classified according to their shapes and quality
- Kale Ghochi Pistachio (Jumbo)
- Fandoghi Pistachio (Round)
- Akbari Pistachio (Long)
- Ahmad Aghaei Pistachio (Long)
- Badami Pistachio (Long)
This type of pistachio is round in shape and it’s different than long pistachios.
Size: : 24/26, 26/28, 28/30, 30/32, 32/34.
It is shorter in length and smaller in size in comparison to other types of pistachios.
Fandoghi pistachios are the first type in terms of exportation.
Akbari Pistachio & Ahmad Aghaei
This type of pistachios are long and are the exclusive type among all pistachios.
Akbari Size: 20/22, 22/24, 24/26, 26/28.
Ahmad Aghaei Size: 22/24, 24/26, 26/28, 28/30, 30/32
It is very popular with the farmers, because of high yield and its shorter time to reach production. It is very popular is some markets like India, China and Greece
This type of pistachio is thick with very opened mouth
Size : 18/20, 20/22, 24/26
Jumbo pistachio has the biggest farms and it’s the most popular type of pistachio.